What Are Bedsores and How Do They Occur?

Bedsores, also known as pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers, are injuries to the skin and underlying tissues. They are a common concern in healthcare, especially for individuals with limited mobility. In this blog post, we'll explore what bedsores are, their causes, prevention measures, treatment options, and how to care for a person with bedsores.

Understanding Bedsores

Bedsores develop due to prolonged pressure on the skin, typically on areas overlying bony prominences such as the tailbone, heels, elbows, and shoulder blades. They usually occur when a person remains in one position for too long without shifting their weight, leading to decreased blood flow to the skin and tissues. This lack of oxygen and nutrients creates an environment conducive to tissue damage and ulcer formation.

Causes of Bedsores

The primary factor contributing to bedsores is prolonged pressure on the skin, which impairs blood circulation. People with medical conditions causing limited mobility are at higher risk, such as those confined to beds, wheelchairs, or those who cannot change their position without assistance. Other risk factors include age, as the skin becomes thinner and less elastic with aging, malnutrition, dehydration, and conditions affecting blood flow like diabetes and vascular diseases.

Preventing Bedsores

Preventing bedsores is crucial and involves several strategies. Regular repositioning, ideally every two hours, can help alleviate pressure on vulnerable areas. Using support surfaces such as specialized mattresses, cushions, or pads can also distribute body weight more evenly. Maintaining good nutrition and hydration, along with proper hygiene and skin care, can keep the skin healthy and resilient.

Treating Bedsores

Treatment for bedsores depends on their severity. Mild bedsores might heal with appropriate care and pressure relief, while severe ones may require surgical intervention. It's crucial to clean and dress the wounds regularly to prevent infection. Advanced wound dressings, such as hydrocolloid or hydrogel dressings, can help maintain a moist healing environment. In some cases, negative pressure wound therapy, which uses suction to draw out fluid and increase blood flow, might be recommended.

Caring for a Person with Bedsores

Caring for a person with bedsores requires patience and diligence. Regularly inspect the skin for any signs of bedsores, especially in pressure areas. If you notice any changes, contact a healthcare provider. Incorporate regular position changes within their daily routine, provide a balanced diet to promote healing, and keep the skin clean and dry.

In conclusion, bedsores are a significant healthcare concern, especially for those with limited mobility. However, with an understanding of the causes and diligent preventative measures, they can be managed effectively. Always consult a healthcare professional if you notice any signs of bedsores or if you need advice on prevention and treatment.

At our firm, we stand ready to assist you and your loved ones in the fight against bedsores, especially those occurring in a nursing home setting. We understand the unique challenges that come with managing this medical condition and the additional difficulties when the person affected is in a care home.

Our team of dedicated professionals is committed to providing comprehensive support, including advising on effective prevention measures, guiding you on proper care techniques, and offering legal assistance when necessary. We believe in ensuring that the rights of your loved ones are respected and that they receive the highest standard of care.

Remember, bedsores are often preventable and their presence could be a sign of neglect. If you suspect that your loved one's bedsores are a result of inadequate care in a nursing home, don't hesitate to reach out to us. Our firm is here to uphold their rights and seek justice on their behalf. Together, we can make a difference in the lives of those we care about.

Call us at (410) 698-1717 today!

What Are Bedsores and How Do They Occur?